The leaders of Russia, Germany, France and Turkey gathered for dinner after a summit on Syria in Istanbul on Saturday (October 27). Turkish President Tayyip Erdogan, Russian President Vladimir Putin, Germany Chancellor Angela Merkel and French President Emmanuel Macron gathered for a summit in Istanbul to discuss Syria, where violence this week in the last remaining major rebel stronghold has highlighted the fragility of a deal to avert a massive government offensive. The leaders of the four countries stressed the importance of a lasting ceasefire in Syria, and said a committee to create a new constitution should meet by the end of the year. Idlib and adjacent areas are the last stronghold of the opposition, who rose up against Assad in 2011. The area is home to an estimated 3 million people, more than half of whom have already fled from other areas as the regime’s militias advanced. Shelling in Idlib killed at least seven civilians on Friday (October 26), the largest one-day loss of life there since Russian air strikes stopped in mid-August, according to Orient News’s correspondent.