Germany, France arrest 3 Assad's intelligence officers for crimes against humanity
A woman looks at images of bodies at the UN HQ in New York in 2015. The images were smuggled out of Syria between 2011 and mid-2013. Photograph: Lucas Jackson/Reuters
Date: 2019-02-14 08:45
Police have detained two Syrians in Germany and one in France on suspicion of torture and other crimes against humanity, prosecutors said on Wednesday (Feb. 13), the first such arrests in Europe against suspected figures in Assad’s security militiamen.
Germany has "universal jurisdiction" laws that allow it to prosecute people for crimes against humanity committed anywhere in the world. Such crimes can be prosecuted in France if the suspect is resident there or a victim is French.
"The significance of the arrests is that the trials are going to be the first time that torturers and victims are going to come face to face in a court of law," said Mazen Darwish, a Syrian lawyer.
"Survivors of the systematic torture of civilians in Assad jails are going to give evidence against their executioners, and this is a first," he said.
Federal prosecutors in Germany said that suspicions against the two who were arrested in Germany, which is home to more than 600,000 Syrians, included torturing prisoners during their work for the Assad intelligence.
The two suspects, identified as Anwar R., aged 56, and Eyad A., 42, were arrested by federal police in Berlin and Rhineland-Palatinate state.
As a high-ranking employee in the Assad intelligence, Anwar R. is strongly suspected of participating in crimes against humanity by torturing opposition activists between 2011 and 2012, prosecutors said in a statement.
"As head of the so-called investigative department, Anwar R. assigned and directed the operations in the prison, including the use of systematic and brutal torture," said the statement.
The other Syrian is suspected of helping to kill two people and torturing at least 2,000 people as an intelligence worker between July 2011 and January 2012, it said. He is suspected of working in the department Anwar A. was directing.
The suspect in France was arrested on Tuesday near Paris on suspicion of committing torture, crimes against humanity and war crimes between 2011 and 2013, Paris prosecutors said.
They added the arrest was linked to an investigation opened in 2015 when French officials received testimony from a former Syrian officer and 55,000 photos of 11,000 victims that he was able to bring with him when he fled the country in 2013.
The cases involve far more detailed allegations than the only similar case, of an Assad army officer sentenced to eight months in prison in Sweden in 2017 over photographs showing him posing over dead bodies, rights lawyer Anwar al-Bunni said.
Based on Reuters